Tag - WW1

Arthur Hall, VC

1–2 SEP 1918: World War I and Corporal (later Lieutenant) Arthur Charles Hall, 54th Battalion, originally from Nyngan, New South Wales, earns the Victoria Cross at Péronne. Arthur Hall was born on 11 August 1896 in Granville, Sydney to a livestock farmer and his wife. After attending school in Bathurst, he worked with his father on properties near Nyngan in New South Wales. In April 1916, at the age of 19, Hall enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF). After...

Bob Mactier, VC

1 SEP 1918: World War I and Private Robert (Bob) Mactier, 23rd Battalion, originally from Tatura, Victoria, earns the Victoria Cross at Mont St Quentin. Robert Mactier was born at Tatura on 17 May 1890, the seventh of ten children of Robert and Christina Mactier of "Reitcam" ("Mactier" spelt backwards), a nearby property. In his formative years, he was a keen sportsman. He went to school locally, and later worked on his father's properties until he enlisted in the Australian...

Edgar Towner, VC

1 SEP 1918: World War I and Lieutenant (later Major) Edgar Thomas Towner MC, 2nd Machine Gun Battalion, Blackall, Queensland, earns the Victoria Cross at Mont St Quentin. Edgar Towner was born on 19 April 1890 at Glencoe station, near Blackall, Queensland, son of Tasmanian-born Edgar Thomas Towner, grazier, and his second wife Greta, née Herley, from Ireland. His parents were among the first settlers on the Barcoo River. Edgar was educated at home, at Blackall State School and...

Bernard Gordon, VC

27 AUG 1918: World War I and Lance Corporal Bernard Sidney Gordon, MM, 41st Battalion, originally from Launceston, Tasmania, earns the Victoria Cross near Bray, France. Bernard Sidney (Bernie) Gordon (1891-1963), soldier and dairy farmer, was born on 16 August 1891 at Launceston, Tasmania, son of Charles Gordon, cabman and later hotel proprietor, and his wife Mary, née Rowlands. After schooling at Deloraine and Devonport he worked as a cooper's machinist at Beaconsfield. He later went to Townsville, Queensland, where...

Villa Gusti Pact Signed

3 NOV 1918: World War I and an Armistice with Austria-Hungary is signed with Italy. With Turkey having already signed an armistice Germany was left to confront the Allies alone for the remaining days of the war. Mutiny strikes the German Navy at the ports of Kiel and Wilhelmshaven as sailors refuse orders to put to sea to engage in a final colossal battle with the British Navy. Along with this, revolutionary fervour and Bolshevist-style uprisings erupt in German cities including...

5th Division in France

21 OCT 1916: World War I and the 5th Australian Division is on the Western Front. The 5th Australian Division entered the front line near Flers on the Somme. By October the Somme battlefield was a waste of mud-bound craters. From March 1916 Australian divisions began arriving in France. Initially the troops found a pleasant land and a welcome change from sea voyages, the cliffs of Gallipoli, and the training camps of Egypt. There were four divisions, each...

Vera Deakin and Red Cross

21 OCT 1915: World War I and the Australian Red Cross Missing and Wounded Enquiry Bureau is established. Miss Vera Deakin, daughter of ex-Prime Minister Alfred Deakin, establishes the Australian Red Cross Missing and Wounded Enquiry Bureau in Cairo. The Missing and Wounded Enquiry Bureau handled many thousands of enquiries from Australian families seeking information on wounded and missing soldiers during the First World War. From the outbreak of WWI Red Cross helped Australian families in their desperate search...

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