Tag - Korea

Korean Medal Approved for Wear

If you, or a relative served in Korea, you may not be aware of the new Defence authorisation to wear the Republic of Korea War Service Medal. The ROKWSM was introduced by South Korea in 1951 to recognise the assistance provided by members of the United Nations forces in combating communist aggression in Korea. During the Korean War, Australia used the Imperial Honours and Awards System and was therefore subject to the award policies set by the United Kingdom at...

Battle Over Sunchon

1 DEC 1951: Korea and today sees the Air battle over Sunchon, North Korea. In the largest air-to-air battle fought by the RAAF during the Korean war, twelve 77 Squadron Meteors met between 40-50 Chinese Mig-15s. The fight precipitated a change from an air interception to a ground attack role for No. 77 Squadron. The Battle of Sunchon was an air battle fought near the city of Sunchon during the Korean War. On 1 December 1951, 12 Gloster Meteor jets...

77SQN Supports 3RAR

5 NOV 1950: On the same day, the Royal Australian Air Force's No. 77 Squadron supports 3RAR. 77 SQN, for the first time in the Korean War, flies in support of the 3rd Battlion, the Royal Australian Regiment, in the Pakchon-Sinanju Road area, Korea. Australian Mustang fighters strafed Chinese positions just before 3RAR commenced its assault at Pakchon. At the time the Squadron had been based at Iwakuni in southern Japan as part of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF)....

Battle of Pakchon

5 NOV 1950: Korea and the Battle of Pakchon. The 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment, successfully assaults and holds crucial hill features overlooking Pakchon in the face of heavy North Korean and Chinese resistance. In November, after the actions of the Broken Bridge and Chongju, the 27th Commonwealth Brigade held position near the town of Pakchon (map), in defence of the road leading south to the Chongchon River. Australian troops were concentrated on the west bank of the Taeryong River...

77SQN Awarded Citation

1 NOV 1951: Korea and No. 77 Squadron, RAAF, is awarded a Republic of South Korea Presidential Citation. No. 77 Squadron was awarded this citation for its early service in Korea as an effective ground-support unit. In the aftermath of World War II the Korean peninsula was divided along the 38th Parallel into North Korea and South Korea. The communist North invaded the South in June 1950. In response, the United Nations Security Council resolved to support South Korea. The United...

Battle of Chongju

29-30 OCT 1950: Korea, and the Australians reach Chongju. Australian troops of the 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment, reach Chongju, the most northerly point of their advance into North Korea. In two days fierce fighting against determined North Korean opposition the Australians clear ,27BDE and the surrounding ridges. After leaving Kujin, the 27th Brigade, led by the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR), continued their northward advance to the Yalu River, on the border between North Korea and China. Six kilometres...

China Enters Korean War

27 OCT 1950: Korea, and the Chinese enter the Korean War. Having secretly moved at least 180,000 men into North Korea, Chinese forces began attacking south, surprising UN Command. The battle of Pakchon marked the furthest point that the Australians reached into North Korea. It was also the first time Chinese forces were encountered in large numbers. Unbeknownst to UN intelligence sources, Chinese troops had been infiltrating North Korea across the Yalu River, and in late October they began an...

Battle of the Apple Orchard

22 OCT 1950: Korea, and today sees the Battle of the Apple Orchard at Yongju. Kapyong and Maryang San in 1951 are the two better-known Australian battles of the Korean War. However three less well-known battles occurred the year before, in the early months of the war, when 3 Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (3RAR) established its reputation in an intense eight days of fighting during the United Nations Command’s advance into North Korea. C Company, 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian...

WGCDR Louis Spence KIA

9 SEP 1950: The Korean War and O11315 WGCDR Louis Thomas Spence is killed. Wing Commander Lou Spence, 77 Squadron RAAF, is killed during a ground attack mission over Angang-ni, Korea. Two months after No 77 Squadron was committed to operations in Korea, the unit’s Commanding Officer, Wing Commander Lou Spence, was killed in action on this day. He led four Mustangs in an attack on storage facilities at Angang-ni, north of Pusan in South Korea, which had been...

HMAS ANZAC Korea

6 SEP 1951: The Korean War and HMAS ANZAC bombs targets near Haeju. HMAS ANZAC was detached from HMS Glory's screen to bombard targets near Haeju, Korea. The ANZAC was one of 11 Australian ships to serve in Korea. HMAS ANZAC (D59) was a Battle class destroyer of the Royal Australian Navy. Named after the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, the destroyer was commissioned in 1951. The ship served on two tours of duty during the Korean War, and...

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