Military History

HMAS ANZAC Korea

6 SEP 1951: The Korean War and HMAS ANZAC bombs targets near Haeju. HMAS ANZAC was detached from HMS Glory's screen to bombard targets near Haeju, Korea. The ANZAC was one of 11 Australian ships to serve in Korea. HMAS ANZAC (D59) was a Battle class destroyer of the Royal Australian Navy. Named after the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, the destroyer was commissioned in 1951. The ship served on two tours of duty during the Korean War, and...

John French, VC

4 SEP 1942: World War II and Corporal John Alexander French, 2/9th Battalion, originally from Toowoomba, Queensland, earns the Victoria Cross at Milne Bay, New Guinea. It was a posthumous award. French was born on 15 July 1914 in Crows Nest, north of Toowoomba in Queensland, Australia. His parents were Lucy (née Donaldson) and Albert French. His father was a hairdresser who had moved to the Crows Nest area from Tenterfield, New South Wales, while his mother had originally...

Battle for Milne Bay

4 SEP 1942: World War II and the Japanese evacuation of Milne Bay, New Guinea begins. The fighting at Milne Bay resulted in the first defeat of a Japanese amphibious landing in the Second World War. Initially the Japanese troops overwhelmed and pushed back the first Australian battalions encountered, the 61st and 2/10th Battalions, but began suffering heavy casualties when the Kittyhawk fighters of 75 and 76 Squadrons RAAF began bombing and strafing them. Nevertheless, they continued advancing for a few...

A Declaration of War

3 SEP 1939: World War II and Britain, France, Australia, and New Zealand declare war on Germany. The German invasion of Poland led to the declaration of war against Germany by the United Kingdom and France and began the Second World War. Approaching defeat in the First World War, Germany signed the First Armistice at Compiègne on 11 November 1918 as a practical end to hostilities with France, the British Empire (including Australia and New Zealand), and the United...

William Dartnell, VC

3 SEP 1915: World War I and Temporary Lieutenant William Thomas Dartnell, 25th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, originally from Melbourne, earns the Victoria Cross at Maktau, British East Africa. It was a posthumous award. William Dartnell, born at Collingwood, Melbourne, was only 15 years old when he enlisted for service in South Africa with the Victorian Mounted Rifles in 1901. He returned to South Africa in 1913 and was working there when war was declared. Using the name Wilbur Taylor Dartnell, he...

Lawrence Weathers, VC

2 SEP 1918: World War I and Corporal Lawrence Carthage Weathers, 43rd Battalion, originally from Te Koparu, New Zealand, earns the Victoria Cross at Péronne. Lawrence Weathers was born in Te Kopuru, near Dargaville, New Zealand, on 14 May 1890. His parents were originally from Australia and returned there when he was seven years old. The family settled in rural South Australia and Weathers was educated at Snowtown Public School. After leaving school he worked as an undertaker in Adelaide....

Germany Invades Poland

1 SEP 1939: World War II and Germany invades Poland. The German invasion of Poland led to the declaration of war against Germany by the United Kingdom and France and began the Second World War. At 4.45 am on 1 September 1939 the German battleship Schleswig-Holstein opened fire on the Polish garrison of the Westerplatte Fort, Danzig (modern-day Gdansk), in what was to become the first military engagement of World War Two. Simultaneously, 62 German divisions supported by 1,300 aircraft...

John Bisdee, VC

1 SEP 1900: The Second Boer War and Trooper (later Lieutenant Colonel) John Hutton Bisdee, 1st Tasmanian Imperial Bushmen, originally from Hutton Park, Tasmania, earns the Victoria Cross at Warm Bad, South Africa. John Bisdee was born on 28 September 1869 at Hutton Park, Melton Mowbray, Tasmania. In 1904 he married Georgiana Thodosia Hale who was the daughter of Bishop Matthew Blagden Hale. When Bisdee was 30 years old, and a Trooper with the Tasmanian Imperial Bushmen during the Second...

Alby Lowerson, VC

1 SEP 1918: World War I and Sergeant Albert (Alby) David Lowerson, 21st battalion, originally from Myrtleford, Victoria, earns the Victoria Cross at Mont St Quentin. Albert Lowerson, nicknamed Alby, was born in Myrtleford, a town in the state of Victoria, on 2 August 1896. His father worked for the railways as an engine driver but later turned his hand to farming. Lowerson worked as a gold miner after leaving school. In July 1915, Lowerson joined the Australian Imperial Force....

Wiliam Currey, VC

1 SEP 1918: World War I and Private William Matthew Currey, 53rd Battalion, originally from Wallsend, New South Wales, earns the Victoria Cross at Péronne. Born at Wallsend, New South Wales, on 19 September 1895 Currey was the son of a miner, William Robert Currey and Mary Ellen Lang. After attending Dudley and Plattsburg public schools, he was employed as a wireworker in Leichhardt. In October 1916, he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force, volunteering for service overseas during the...

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