Monthly Archives - October 2017

HMAS Perth Attacked

18 OCT 1967: Viet Nam and DDG 38 HMAS Perth is hit by a shore-based gun. Perth is struck by return fire near Cape Lai, Viet Nam, while on the United States 7th Fleet 'gunline.' This was the only occasion on which an Australian warship suffered casualties from enemy fire during the Viet Nam War. The names of the four members of the crew of HMAS Perth injured by a North Vietnamese shell burst were issued by the Minister for...

HMAS Geelong Sunk

18 OCT 1944: World War II and HMAS Geelong is sunk. HMAS Geelong was one of four corvettes lost during the Second World War. Geelong was laid down by HMA Naval Dockyard at Williamstown, Victoria on 16 October 1940. She was launched on 22 April 1941 by the wife of Lord Winston Dugan, then Governor of Victoria, and was commissioned into the RAN on 16 January 1942. After commissioning, Geelong visited her namesake city before undergoing working up trials. On...

Battle of Templeton’s Crossing

15 OCT 1942: World War II sees more fighting at Templeton's crossing. Australia's 25th Brigade, 7th Division, drive Japanese attackers back from Templeton's crossing. Templeton's Crossing was the name given to the first point where the Kokoda Track, outward bound from Port Moresby, crossed Eora Creek. It was named in remembrance of Captain Sam Templeton of the 39th Battalion, who was killed near Oivi on 26 July 1942. During their withdrawal along the track, the Japanese conducted a determined defence...

Australia Commits to GWOT

17 OCT 2001: The Global War on Terror, and Prime Minister John Howard makes the announcement on Australia's commitment to the War of Terrorism, as Operation Slipper. After the terrorist attacks against the United States on 11 September 2001, Australia joined the US-led International Coalition against Terrorism (the Coalition) by committing military assets and personnel to Coalition operations in Afghanistan—the US-led action is known as Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF–A). OEF-A commenced on 7 October 2001 when the US and allied...

Battle of Sariwon, Korea

17 OCT 1950: Korea, and the 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment is in action at Sariwon. In a bold bluff, the battalion's second-in-command, Major Ferguson, convinces at least 1,500 North Korean soldiers to surrender at Sariwon during confused fighting. The Battle of Sariwon took place on 17 October 1950 during the United Nations (UN) counter-offensive against the North Korean forces which had invaded South Korea. With many North Korean units falling back under pressure from UN forces the 27th...

RANHFV EMUs Deploy

16 OCT 1967: Viet Nam and Royal Australian Navy Helicopters deploy to Viet Nam. An RAN Helicopter Flight Vietnam (RANHFV '67) joins the US Army's 135th Aviation Company EMU at Vung Tau, supporting American troops in South Vietnam. The EMU (Experimental Military Unit) was formed around the US Army's 135th Assault Helicopter Company. The 135th had previously flown Caribou transports as a tactical air transport company, but was reoriented for helicopters following the Johnson-McConnell agreement of 1966, when all...

HMAS Adelaide Arrives

14 OCT 1927: HMAS Adelaide arrives at the British Solomon Islands Protectorate as part of the British punitive expedition to quell the Malaita Massacre. The Royal Australian Navy operated as part of a British empire force in one of the first instances in which Australian forces intervened in regional affairs. The Malaita massacre inflicted a large number of deaths on the island of Malaita in the Solomon Islands in late 1927. William R. Bell, the District Officer of Malaita...

HMAS Brisbane Returns

13 OCT 1969: Viet Nam, and HMAS Brisbane returns to Sydney. This was the end of the Brisbane's first deployment to Vietnam. Brisbane was the second vessel of that name to serve in the Royal Australian Navy. She was the third of the RAN's American-built "Charles F. Adams" class guided-missiles destroyers. (The other two were HMAS Hobart and HMAS Perth.) These ships cost $40 million each (or $50 million with missiles) and were the first major Australian warships designed...

CAPT Clarence Jeffries, VC

12 OCT 1917: World War I and Captain Clarence Smith Jeffries, 34th Battalion, originally from Wallsend, New South Wales, earns the Victoria Cross at Passchendaele, Belgium It was a posthumous award. Jeffries was born in the Newcastle suburb of Wallsend, New South Wales, on 26 October 1894. He was the only child of Joshua Jeffries, a colliery manager, and his wife Barbara, née Steel. Jeffries attended Dudley Primary School before moving onto Newcastle Collegiate and High schools. Apprenticed as a...

Aussies Land at Jacquinot Bay

11 OCT 1944: World War II and the Australians land at Jacquinot Bay, New Britain. The Australians' arrival opened the successful New Britain campaign in which a small Militia force successfully contained the large Japanese garrison holding Rabaul. Jacquinot Bay is a wide harbor located on the southern coast of New Britain. Borders Mal Mal (Malmal) village. To the west is the border with West New Britain Province and Gasmata. To the northeast is Wide Bay. During early April 1942, MV...

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